# Bridges 2nd Edition support

## Bridges 2nd Edition Family Support

The resources provided below are for family members of students in classrooms currently using Bridges 2nd Edition. We offer them to provide guidance and suggestions for participating in your child's learning—your best source for answering questions and getting assistance is your student's teacher.

- An overview of Bridges in Mathematics for families; available in English or
- Frequently Asked Questions about Bridges in Mathematics
- Ways a Parent Can Help with Math from
*Resources for Teachers*

## An Important Note

** Your best source to answer questions and get assistance is your student's teacher. The resources here provide guidance and suggestions for how you can participate in your child's learning. **

Select a grade level to learn more.

## Pre-K

In pre-k math, your child will:

- Count, compare, read, and write numbers to 10 (especially numbers from 1 to 6)
- Solve simple story problems with counting, addition, and subtraction
- Find, name, and describe shapes in the world
- Put shapes together to make other shapes and complete puzzles
- Sort objects by traits like color, shape, and size

** Family Welcome Letter ** An introduction and overview of the year. Available in English and Spanish.

## Bridges Unit Overviews

## Additional Resources

The following selection of games and activities will help your child to practice these skills at home.

### Numeral Recognition & Counting

Big Bird’s Basketball Count the number of dots shown on the screen and “shoot” the basketballs marked with the matching number. After you’ve made that many baskets, you get to shoot as many unmarked balls as you can in 15 seconds.

Counting Fish Count the fish and click on the corresponding number. There are three numbers to choose from. If you choose the wrong one, the narrator gives you a hint by telling you it’s “too many” or “too few.”

Curious George's Busy Day: Flower Garden Count the flowers that come up in George’s garden.

** Endless Numbers App ** Selecting a number 1–5 from the spinning Ferris wheel takes you to an interactive animated feature designed to help you recognize the numeral, see its place in the counting sequence, and count the matching quantity in several different ways.

### Ordering

Fuzz Bugs—Counting, Sorting & Comparing Catch the Fuzz Bugs and sort them by color. Count each collection and tell which is most and which is least. Then put the collections in order from least to most.

Ladybird Spots Count the spots on a ladybug, put a specified number of spots on a ladybug, place each ladybug on the leaf that tells how many spots it has, or put the ladybugs in order from least to most spots.

Oscar’s Rotten Ride Choose one of three locations and help Oscar build a vehicle to get there by sequencing a set of parts by size or length and choosing the one he asks for (1st, 2nd, 3rd, or 4th in line).

### Numeral Writing

** Elmo Loves 123s Lite ** Trace the numeral 1, 2, or 3 to access related videos, coloring screens, and activities.

iWriteWords Lite Use your finger to drag Mr. Crab through a series of numbered circles to form a numeral. Once you’ve completed the numeral, a voice reads it to you, and a tree with that many crabapples appears on the screen.

### Shapes & Patterns

Let’s Build It! Measure an object to find its height and width in “blocks.” Choose the building material, and then fill the outline of the building with shapes (rectangle, triangle, square).

Shape Patterns Place the missing shapes in the pattern to help the monster truck get across the bridge.

## Kindergarten

In kindergarten math, your child will:

- count objects and tell how many there are
- write numerals 0-20
- compare numbers or sets of objects to tell which has more or less
- add & subtract quickly and easily to 5
- add & subtract within 10 using objects, fingers, drawings, numbers, or equations
- solve addition and subtraction story problems
- understand that teen numbers are 10 and some more
- identify and describe shapes
- understand length and weight as something that can be measured

** Family Welcome Letter ** An introduction and overview of the year. Available in English or Spanish.

## Bridges Unit Overviews

## Additional Resources

The following selection of games and activities will help your child to practice these skills at home.

### Counting

** Counting Fish ** The player counts small numbers of animated fish. Talk to your child about different ways to count the fish, perhaps by finding groups of 2 or 3 fish. Players scoring 70% or better will move to the next level. The directions are spoken aloud.

** Counting Games ** Choose from an assortment of games: Teddy Numbers, Underwater Counting, Gingerbread Man Games, Ladybird Spots.

** Number Frames ** Use frames to count, represent, compare, and compute. This free manipulative is available both as an app and online.

** Number Rack ** Count and compare movable, colored beads. This free manipulative is available both as an app and online.

** Ten-Frame ** Select from several games that challenge students to count objects, build numbers, or answer basic addition problems using a ten frame. A ** Five-Frame ** is also available.

### Numbers: Recognize, Order, & Compare

** Connect the Dots with Art Games ** Connect dots by clicking on numbers in order to make a picture.

** Numerical Order ** Players order numbers from 1-10 (Level 1) and 11-20 (Level 2). Audio directions.

** Number Bubble: Count to 100 ** Fill in the missing numbers by popping bubbles and dropping the number on the correct spaces.

** Balloon Pop Comparison ** Pop the balloon to match a statement, either "greater number" or "lesser number."

### Basic Addition & Subtraction

** Marble Math ** Players see and hear an addition problem. They can drag marbles onto a work surface to help them figure out the problem. Play includes five levels of addition, starting with simple 1-digit problems. Players must score 70% or greater to advance levels. Audio directions.

** MathTappers: Find Sums ** An app compatible with iPhone, iPod touch, and iPad, this simple, free game uses ten-frames and is designed to help learners make sense of addition. It's an excellent game to explore with your child while you're on the go.

** Math Lines ** In this game, race to pair numbers that add up to a target sum. Before your child plays, review the pairs of numbers that add up to the target sum. You might even look at different ways to make the number using game pieces, marbles, or pennies.

** Fuzz Bugs Number Bond ** Select a target sum and challenge your child to click and drop the missing number into the number bond at the bottom of the screen. Consider using 10 as a target sum or choose from another number from 5–20.

### Geometry

** Shapes/Geometry ** Complete puzzles by recognizing similarities and differences in shapes. As children master levels, the content gets progressively more difficult. The last stage includes an introduction to symmetry. Audio directions.

** Pattern Shapes ** Students use virtual pattern shapes to explore shapes by creating their own designs or selecting an outline to fill in with shapes. iPad, Chromebook, and online versions available.

** Shape Pop ** Pop the bubbles with the correct shape.

** Geoboard App ** With this virtual geoboard, students stretch bands around pegs to make discoveries about shapes. iPad and online versions available.

### Measurement

** Measure That Foot ** Measure a monster foot using household objects such as blocks for crayons. Then, find a shoe that fits the monster.

** Crystals Rule ** Measure the length of rocks using non-standard units. (Flash)

### More Games

The links below contain some of the best games for elementary math students to play at home. Look through the sites to find other activities for your child.

** ABCya! ** The math games on this site, modeled from primary grade lessons, were approved of or created by teachers.

** Johnnie's Math Page ** Use this online index to find hundreds of interactive math games on the web, organized by concept.

** National Library of Virtual Manipulatives ** Organized by grade band and math concept, this Utah State University site contains a wide selection of virtual manipulatives.

## Other Helpful Information

*Kindergarten Parent's Guide to Student Success*from the National PTA. Available in English and Spanish.- Kindergarten blog articles

## Grade 1

In grade 1 math, your child will:

- solve addition and subtraction story problems
- count by ones and tens to 120 read and write numbers to 120, and represent a number of objects up to 120 with a written numeral
- understand place value by describing what the digits mean in two-digit numbers; use this knowledge to add and subtract
- add two-digit numbers using at least two different strategies and explain how the strategies work
- subtract two-digit numbers that are multiples of 10 using at least two different strategies and explain how the strategies work
- compare two numbers using the symbols >, =, and <
- add and subtract numbers within 10 efficiently and accurately
- read or construct a graph and answer questions about the data
- measure length using non-standard units such as Popsicle sticks, linking cubes, and so on
- tell and write time to the hour and half-hour on analog and digital clock

** Family Welcome Letter ** An introduction to Bridges including an overview of the year. Available in English or Spanish.

## Bridges Unit Overviews

## Additional Resources

The following selection of games and activities will help your child to practice some of these skills at home.

### Basic Addition

** Marble Math ** Players see and hear an addition problem and are asked to choose a solution by clicking on one of three options. Players can drag marbles at the bottom of the screen into the provided boxes to help solve problems. Play includes five levels of addition, starting with simple one-digit problems.

** MathTappers: Find Sums ** This simple, free game uses ten-frames and is designed to help learners make sense of addition. It's an excellent game to explore with your child while you're on the go, as it is available for your IOS devices.

** Math Lines ** In this game, players make quick decisions to pair numbers that add up to a target sum. Before you begin the game, review the pairs of numbers that add up to the target sum.

** Fuzz Bugs Number Bond ** Select a target sum and challenge your child to click and drop the missing number into the number bond at the bottom of the screen. Consider using 10 as a target sum or choose from another number from 5–20.

** First to Five ** Practice addition facts by adding the sum of two dice and clicking on the correct sum on the chalkboard. Be the first to five of a kind to win the game.

### Basic Subtraction

** Balloon Pop Subtraction ** View a subtraction problem and pop balloons to figure out the solution. Three levels of difficulty are available, as well as audio directions.

** Minus Mission ** Practice subtraction within 10 by shooting at the expression that equals a given difference in this timed game.

### Measurement

** Measure that Foot ** Measure a monster foot using household objects such as blocks for crayons. Then, find a shoe that fits the monster.

** Crystals Rule ** Measure the length of rocks using non-standard units. (Flash)

### Time

** Time Travel: Learn to Tell Time ** Set a clock to the correct time by dragging the hand of the analog clock or clicking the up and down buttons of the digital clock.

** Match Analog and Digital Clocks ** Match the analog clock to the digital clock.

** Learn to Tell Time ** Select a type of clock, then drag hands or click the time button to record the correct time.

### Counting

** Counting Fish ** The player counts small numbers of animated fish. Talk to your child about different ways to count the fish, perhaps by finding groups of 2 or 3 fish. Players scoring 70% or better will move to the next level. Audio directions.

** Counting Games ** Choose from an assortment of games: Teddy Numbers, Underwater Counting, Gingerbread Man Games, Ladybird Spots.

** Number Frames ** Use frames to count, represent, compare, and compute. This free manipulative is available both as an app on online.

** Number Rack ** Count and compare movable, colored beads. This free manipulative is available both as an app and online.

** Ten Frame ** Select from several games that challenge students to count objects, build numbers, or answer basic addition problems using a ten frame. A ** Five Frame ** is also available.

### Number Sequencing

** Numerical Order ** Players order numbers from 1-10 (Level 1) and 11-20 (Level 2). Advanced levels include numbers from 21-30, 31-40, etc. Audio directions.

** Super Connect the Dots! ** In these connect the dot pictures, you set the counting sequence. For example, you could set the sequence to "2" and have your child practice counting by 2s while forming a picture. Before you begin, practice the counting sequence aloud with your child. Consider using counting sequences of 1s, 2s, 5s, or 10s.

### More Games

The links below contain some of the best games for elementary math students to play at home. Look through the sites to find other activities for your child.

** ABCya! ** The math games on this site, modeled from primary grade lessons, were approved of or created by teachers.

** Johnnie's Math Page ** Use this online index to find hundreds of interactive math games on the web, organized by concept.

** National Library of Virtual Manipulatives ** Organized by grade band and math concept, this Utah State University site contains a wide selection of virtual manipulatives.

## Other Helpful Information

*First Grade Parent's Guide to Student Success*from the National PTA. Available in English and Spanish.- Grade 1 Blog Articles

## Grade 2

In grade 2 math, your child will:

- solve two-step addition and subtraction story problems to 100
- add and subtract to 20; know addition facts to 20 by memory
- read and write 3-digit numbers using numerals, words, and expanded notation (726 = 700 + 20 + 6)
- understand that the three digits of a 3-digit number represent amounts of hundreds, tens, and ones
- use symbols >, =, < to compare two 3-digit numbers
- add and subtract 2-digit numbers accurately and efficiently, and explain strategies for doing so
- add and subtract 3-digit numbers using models, sketches, and/or numbers, and explain strategies for doing so
- estimate and measure length in centimeters and meters, inches and feet.
- divide circles and rectangles into two, three, and four equal parts and describe the parts
- recognize, draw, and analyze 2- and 3-D shapes
- solve money problems involving dollars, quarters, dimes, nickels, and pennies

** Family Welcome Letter ** An introduction to Bridges including an overview of the year. Available in English or Spanish.

## Bridges Unit Overviews

## Additional Resources

The following selection of games and activities will help your child to practice some of these skills at home.

### Addition

** Amoeba Addition Game ** This game provides practice adding 3 digits by splitting numbers. Look for the title "Addition by Splitting" game.

** Math Lines ** In this game, race to pair numbers that add up to a target sum. Before your child plays, review the pairs of numbers that add up to the target sum. You might even look at different ways to make the number using game pieces, marbles, or pennies.

** Addition with Manipulatives ** Players see and hear an addition problem. They can drag marbles onto a work surface to help them figure out the problem. Play includes five levels of addition, starting with simple 1-digit problems. Players must score 70% or greater to advance levels. Audio directions.

### Subtraction

** Amoeba Subtraction Game ** This game provides practice subtracting 3 digits by splitting numbers. Look for the title "Subtraction by Splitting" game.

** Balloon Pop Subtraction ** View a subtraction problem and pop balloons to figure out the solution. Three levels of difficulty available as well as audio directions.

** How Many Under the Shell? ** Determine how many bubbles are left under the shell after Otka hides them. Choose addition, subtraction, or both.

** Clear It Addition ** Create number sentences that add up to the target numbers provided. Earn stars for extra points and clear the board before the timer runs out.

### Place Value

** Give the Dog a Bone ** Find 10 "bones" by identifying numbers on a blank 100's grid.

### Measurement

** Inches to Feet ** Students match measurements in inches to their equivalent in inches and feet. This game involves mental computation that might be challenging for some.

** Measurement Game: Centimeters ** View a red line next to a centimeter ruler and select the correct answer from four options.

### Money

** Coin Combo ** Players click on coins to equal total money value shown. Coins continually fall in columns; when a column fills, the game is over. Levels increase in difficulty, starting with nickels & dimes and small money values and increasing to larger coins and money amounts.

** Coin Box ** Learn how to count, collect, exchange, and make change for coins. The coin tiles help you count as you learn the value of each coin.

** Learn to Count Money ** Players count money by moving coins and bills into a box. The game becomes progressively more difficult as students master levels. Level 1, count to 99 cents. Level 2, count to $10. Level 3, count to $100. Also choose from beginner level (using any combination of coins) and expert levels (using least number of bills and coins.)

### Geometry

** Concentration ** Click on the shape mode to play a game in which you match each shape with its name.

** Geoboard App ** With this virtual geoboard, students stretch bands around pegs to make discoveries about shapes. iPad and online versions available.

### Fractions

** Mathman Fractions ** View a dot on a number line, determine the fraction, then eat the ghost with that fraction to earn points. (Flash)

### More Games

The links below contain some of the best games for elementary math students to play at home. Look through the sites to find other activities for your child.

** ABCya! ** The math games on this site, modeled from primary grade lessons, were approved of or created by teachers.

** Cyberchase ** The popular PBS show hosts a site with about 50 games and activities, along with movie clips that explore math concepts.

** Johnnie's Math Page ** Use this online index to find hundreds of interactive math games on the web, organized by concept.

** National Library of Virtual Manipulatives ** Organized by grade band and math concept, this Utah State University site contains a wide selection of virtual manipulatives.

## Other Helpful Information

*Second Grade Parents' Guide to Student Success*from the National PTA. Available in English and Spanish.- Grade 2 blog articles

## Grade 3

In grade 3 math, your child will:

- use addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division to solve story problems
- solve multiplication and division facts accurately and efficiently
- multiply 1-digit numbers by multiples of 10, e.g., 3 x 70
- add and subtract 2- and 3-digit numbers
- compare, recognize, and generate equivalent fractions and place them on a number line
- estimate and measure in time, liquid volume, and masses of objects
- round numbers to nearest 10 or 100
- tell time to the minute
- estimate and measure liquid volume and mass in metric units
- solve area and perimeter problems
- identify and construct different kinds of quadrilaterals
- sort and classify shapes

** Family Welcome Letter ** An introduction to Bridges including an overview of the year. Available in English or Spanish.

## Bridges Unit Overviews

## Additional Resources

The following selection of games and activities will help your child to practice some of these skills at home.

### Addition

** Amoeba Addition Game ** This game provides practice adding 3 digits by splitting numbers. Look for the title "Addition by Splitting" game.

** Glowla's Estimation Contraption ** In the first level of this game, players mentally round numbers to the tens place, add them, and type in the answer. Subsequent levels progress to larger numbers.

** Math Lines ** In this game, race to pair numbers that add up to a target sum. Before your child plays, review the pairs of numbers that add up to the target sum. You might even look at different ways to make the number using game pieces, marbles, or pennies.

### Subtraction

** Amoeba Subtraction Game ** This game provides practice subtracting 3 digits by splitting numbers. Look for the title "Subtraction by Splitting" game.

### Multiplication

** Times Square ** This game provides practice with multiplication facts as players race to be the first to get 4 products in a row on the game board. Use "guest pass" to enter game list and play against the computer.

** Factor Dazzle ** Players score points for finding all the factors of target numbers set by their opponents. Your child may need some support to get started. Use "guest pass" to enter game list and play against the computer.

** Multiplication Grand Prix ** Up to 4 players compete in this race car game by entering basic facts. Students can race one another or play against the computer.

### All Basic Facts

** Math Magician ** Specify facts to practice. Select from addition , subtraction , multiplication , or division . Timed.

** Xtra Math ** This free, web-based, math fact fluency program includes addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.

### Telling Time

** Time Travel Game ** Select type of clock and drag hands or click time button to record the correct time. Progress through four levels of difficulty.

### Fractions

** Battleship Numberline: Fractions ** Players click on a 0-1 number line to identify where a given fraction is located.

** Concentration ** Match each fraction visual to its name. Select from other modes to play games using arrays and shapes.

** Equivalent Fractions ** Create equivalent fractions by dividing and shading squares and circles. Match each fraction to its location on the number line.

### Measurement

** Strolling with my Gnomies ** Take the Gnomie for a stroll and help him to measure the treasures you encounter along the way. Use a ruler to measure the length of various objects, using either inches or centimeters.

### More Games

** ABCya! ** The math games on this site, modeled from primary grade lessons, were approved of or created by teachers.

** Calculation Nation ** The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics Illuminations site hosts over 10 games that includes notes for parents. Students can either register and challenge other players online or use the "guest pass" button to enter the game list and play against the computer. Designed for upper elementary and middle grades.

** Cyberchase ** The popular PBS show hosts a site with about 50 games and activities, along with movie clips that explore math concepts.

** Johnnie's Math Page ** Use this online index to find hundreds of interactive math games on the web, organized by concept.

** National Library of Virtual Manipulatives ** Organized by grade band and math concept, this Utah State University site contains a wide selection of virtual manipulatives.

## Other Helpful Information

*Third Grade Parent's Guide to Student Success*from the National PTA. Available in English and Spanish.- Grade 3 blog articles

## Grade 4

In grade 4 math, your child will:

- understand factors and multiples, e.g., 1,2,4,5,10, and 20 are all factors of 20, and 20 is a multiple of each of those numbers
- understand that a prime number has only 2 factors—1 and itself, while a composite number has more than 2 factors
- multiply multi-digit numbers using strategies based on place value and properties of operations
- divide 2-digit numbers by 1-digit numbers using strategies based on place value and the relationship between multiplication and division
- read, write, and compare multi-digit numbers and round multi-digit numbers to any place
- add and subtract multi-digit numbers accurately and efficiently
- recognize and generate equivalent fractions
- compare two fractions with different numerators and denominators
- add and subtract fractions and mixed numbers with like denominators
- multiply a fraction by a whole number
- write fractions with denominators of 10 or 100 in decimal notation
- compare decimal numbers with digits to the hundredths place
- know the relative sizes of measurement units within one system of units, including metric length, metric mass, customary weight, metric volume, and time
- use formulas for area and perimeter of a rectangle to solve problems
- measure and sketch angles with a protractor
- classify 2-D shapes
- identify and draw lines of symmetry

** Family Welcome Letter ** An introduction to Bridges including an overview of the year. Available in English or Spanish.

## Bridges Unit Overviews

## Additional Resources

### Addition & Subtraction

** Amoeba Addition Game ** Practice adding 3 digits by splitting numbers. Look for title "Addition by Splitting" game. Also see the Amoeba Subtraction Game.

### Multiplication

** Times Square ** This game provides practice with multiplication facts as players race to be the first to get 4 products in a row on the game board. Use "guest pass" to enter game list and play against the computer.

** Factor Dazzle ** Players score points for finding all the factors of target numbers set by their opponents. Use "guest pass" to enter game list and play against the computer.

** MathTappers: Multiples ** App compatible with iPhone, iPod touch, and iPad for math practice on the go. This is a simple, free game designed to help learners make sense of multiplication and division using visual models.

** Amoeba Multiplication Game ** Look for "Written Multiplication Game." This activity breaks multi-digit multiplication problems into partial products to solve. Excellent practice with larger multiplication. Beginner level includes 1 digit x 2 digit; Advanced level uses 3 digit x 2 digit.

### Division

** Drag Race Division ** Race to answer basic division problems. Students can race one another or play against the computer.

### All Basic Facts

** Math Magician ** Specify facts to practice. Select from addition , subtraction , multiplication , or division . Timed.

** Xtra Math ** This free, web-based, math fact fluency program includes addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.

### Fractions

** Dig It ** Players take turns digging in a field loaded with precious stones. The object is to collect as much dirt and as many stones as possible. Players tell the shovel where to dig by using a set of numbers to make a fraction–including improper fractions–and then locating that fraction on a number line that runs across the field. The more accurately they locate the fraction, the better their score. Students may need some help to get started. Use "guest pass" to enter game list and play against the computer.

** Fraction Feud ** Players use number "cards" to create fractions that are larger (or smaller) than their opponents' in a series of mock jousts. See the "fraction bar chart" to figure out how big a fraction is in relation to an opponent's. Use "guest pass" to enter game list and play against the computer.

** Drop Zone ** Players add fractions that will total 1 as they race to win 5 points in this action-packed game. Develops fraction sense, estimation, and skill at adding fractions with like and unlike denominators. Use "guest pass" to enter game list and play against the computer.

** Equivalent Fraction Bingo ** Match the numerical fraction to its equivalent visual model.

** Fraction Fling ** Match fraction to the visual model and hit the fraction to answer the question. Players can choose to use mixed fractions while playing.

** MathTappers: Estimate Fractions ** In this free app for iPhone, iPod touch, and iPad, students relate fractions (symbols and pictures) to the nearest half. Then they use fraction estimates in addition and subtraction problems. Excellent game to use while on the go.

### Decimals

** Pecking Order ** Arrange fractions and decimals from least to greatest on a number line.

### Geometry

** neXtu ** Players place shapes on a tessellating game board, collecting points and capturing opponent's pieces. Math concepts include: greater than, less than, tessellations, and symmetry.

** Sammy’s Symmetry Shuffle ** Place pattern blocks in the correct positions to complete the pattern/shape on the line of symmetry. Three difficulty levels.

** Lines of Symmetry ** Click on shapes with one, two, or more lines of symmetry.

** Alien Angles ** Slide a bar to position a ray to estimate different angles in order to rescue lost space aliens.

** Airlines Builder ** In this Cyberchase game, players must construct 3 different ships with the same perimeter by clicking and dragging edge pieces. After the ship is built, the "seats" are filled to show area.

### More Games

The links below contain some of the best games for elementary math students to play at home. Look through the sites to find other games for your child.

** ABCya! ** The math games on this site, modeled from primary grade lessons, were approved of or created by teachers.

** BBC Bitesize ** This site contains a variety of high-quality games, including the “Dick and Dom” series, resembling mini movies in the style of Monty Python. Skip the money game on this British site. Also see ** BBC Bitesize ** Level 1.

** Calculation Nation ** The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics Illuminations site hosts over 10 games that includes notes for parents. Students can either register and challenge other players online or use the "guest pass" button to enter the game list and play against the computer. Designed for upper elementary and middle grades.

** Cyberchase ** The popular PBS show hosts a site with about 50 games and activities, along with movie clips that explore math concepts.

** Johnnie's Math Page ** Use this online index to find hundreds of interactive math games on the web, organized by concept.

** National Library of Virtual Manipulatives ** Organized by grade band and math concept, this Utah State University site contains a wide selection of virtual manipulatives.

## Other Helpful Information

*Fourth Grade Parents' Guide to Student Success*from the National PTA. Available in English and Spanish.- Grade 4 blog articles

## Grade 5

In grade 5 math, your child will:

- use models and strategies to divide 2- and 3-digit numbers by 2-digit numbers, with and without remainders. (Students are not expected to use the standard long division algorithm until sixth grade.)
- add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators
- multiply fractions and divide fractions in simple cases
- measure volume
- explain patterns in the number of zeros and the placement of the decimal point in the answer when multiplying or dividing by powers of 10
- read, write, round, compare, add & subtract, multiply & divide decimals
- multiply multi-digit whole numbers
- locate and graph points on a coordinate plane

** Family Welcome Letter ** An introduction to Bridges including an overview of the year. Available in English or Spanish.

## Bridges Unit Overviews

## Additional Resources

### Multiplication

** Factor Dazzle ** Players score points for finding all the factors of target numbers set by their opponents. Use "guest pass" to enter game list and play against the computer.

** Amoeba Multiplication Game ** Look for "Written Multiplication Game." This activity breaks multi-digit multiplication problems into partial products to solve. Excellent practice with larger multiplication. Beginner level includes 1-digit x 2-digit multiplication; Advanced level uses 3-digit x 2-digit multiplication.

### Division

** Drag Race Division ** Practice division facts by answering problems and racing against others.

** The Quotient Cafe ** Select food and characters to practice division with remainders. Use dividends from 1–500 and divisors from 1–50. (Flash)

** Quotient Cafe ** Select a food and characters to practice division with remainders. Press the calculator icon at lower left for help with calculations.

### Fractions & Decimals

** Dig It ** Players take turns digging in a field loaded with precious stones. The object is to collect as much dirt and as many stones as possible. Players tell the shovel where to dig by using a set of numbers to make a fraction–including improper fractions–and then locating that fraction on a number line that runs across the field. The more accurately they locate the fraction, the better their score. Students may need some help to get started. Use "guest pass" to enter game list and play against the computer.

** Fraction Feud ** Players use number "cards" to create fractions that are larger (or smaller) than their opponents' in a series of mock jousts. See the "fraction bar chart" to figure out how big a fraction is in relation to an opponent's. Use "guest pass" to enter game list and play against the computer.

** Drop Zone ** Players add fractions that will total 1 as they race to win 5 points in this action-packed game. Develops fraction sense, estimation, and skill at adding fractions with like and unlike denominators. Use "guest pass" to enter game list and play against the computer.

** Mathman Fractions ** Add fractions with unlike denominators in this pac man style game.

** Fractazmic ** Add a series of fraction cards to total 1. Cards include models of egg cartons, rulers, and liters.

** MathTappers: Estimate Fractions ** In this free App for iPhone, iPod touch, and iPad, students relate fractions (symbols and pictures) to the nearest half. Then they use fraction estimates in addition & subtraction problems. Excellent game to use while on the go.

** Fractions to Decimals ** Practice converting decimals to fractions while racing other players. (Flash)

** Slide to the Top ** Order numbers on a number line as quickly as possible. Choose the fraction or fraction/decimal mode.

### Geometry

** Cubes ** Fill a box with cubes, rows of cubes, or layers of cubes. Click on the flattened sides of the box to see what the box looks like folded up.

** 3-D Shapes ** In this futuristic mission, players use knowledge of 3-D shapes to escape Roboidz.

** Billy Bug & His Quest for Grub ** View an ordered pair and click on directional arrows to guide a bug to that position on a coordinate grid.

### More Games

The links below contain some of the best games for elementary math students to play at home. Look through the sites to find other games for your child.

** ABCya! ** The math games on this site, modeled from primary grade lessons, were approved of or created by teachers.

** Calculation Nation ** The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics Illuminations site hosts over 10 games that includes notes for parents. Students can either register and challenge other players online or use the "guest pass" button to enter the game list and play against the computer. Designed for upper elementary and middle grades.

** Johnnie's Math Page ** Use this online index to find hundreds of interactive math games on the web, organized by concept.

** National Library of Virtual Manipulatives ** Organized by grade band and math concept, this Utah State University site contains a wide selection of virtual manipulatives.

## Other Helpful Information

*Fifth Grade Parents' Guide to Student Success*from the National PTA. Available in English and Spanish.- Grade 5 blog articles

## Math Learning Center Apps

The Math Learning Center provides a free collection of apps that can help your child learn and practice math concepts taught in their classroom. ** Learn more **